The main purpose of the roof is to protect the upper part of the building from the weather - rain, snow, wind and UV radiation. Roofs are usually divided according to whether they are straight (flat), sloping or steep. The division can be continued by whether the roof is insulated or uninsulated.
An example of insulated roofs are the roofs of family or residential houses, because they are firmly connected to the building and must lend the building, for example, quality insulation. In the case of uninsulated roofs, we are talking, for example, about roofs for parking spaces at the house or a bus stop. These roofs do not give the structures thermal insulation properties, but also protect them from certain weather conditions.
An important meaning of the roof is also the correct drainage of water so that it does not flow into the building. Watertightness can be ensured directly by the upper layer of the roof (roofing), but it can also be achieved by using different types of screeds, asphalt strips or roofing foils. The most used insulation materials for roof insulation are mineral wool or polystyrene.
Roofs typically consist of two parts - a load-bearing structure and a roof covering.
Types of roofing materials
Before buying roofing, you must pay extra attention to the construction plan. Each of the coverings provides the roof with different properties, has different dimensions and, of course, a different price tag. In addition, not every roofing is suitable for all types of roofs, so it is necessary to stick to the project or if you design the project yourself, a good knowledge of the different types of roofing is necessary to choose the right one.
You have a choice of a wide range of building materials from which roofing is made. The most popular roof coverings include fired tiles, asphalt shingles, OSB boards and plywood, sheet metal coverings, corrugated boards or fiber cement coverings.
Gutter systems for roofs
In order for the roof to properly fulfill the function of water drainage, it is necessary to build a quality gutter system for it, ie mainly gutters and downspouts. Again, you have a choice of different materials to give the roof of the project exactly the look and feel it needs. In this category, you will most often come across aluminum, titanium-galvanized, galvanized or plastic gutter systems.
Whether you want to design the attic as accommodation or not, you will probably like skylights. They can illuminate the attic nicely and allow it to be ventilated quickly. You have a choice of several types of constructions, typically swinging, tilting-swinging, climbing, arched or non-openable windows.
What else will you use when building a roof?
Building a roof is not entirely easy with wheels, so in addition to load-bearing structures, roofing or skylights, you will also find products from the categories of thermal insulation, waterproofing, anchoring technology, adhesives, penetrations, asphalt sealants and cleaners or plumbing elements.